Temperature - ECMWF
Unit = °C
T mean (average)
T max (average)
T min (average)
T mean (change)
T max (change)
T min (change)
T mean (anomalies)
T max (anomalies)
T min (anomalies)
T mean (average): -20°C/ +28°C
T max (average): -20°C/ +38°C
T min (average): -20°C/ +26°C
T mean (change): -0.01°C/ +0.08°C
T max (change): -0.01°C/ +0.06°C
T min (change): -0.01°C/ +0.09°C
T mean (anomalies): -0.00°C/ +1.80°C
T max (anomalies): -0.08°C/ +1.41°C
T min (anomalies): -0.01°C/ +2.19°C
Average annual Mean/ Max/ Min air Temperature at 2m height for the last three years on record (2016-2018). Monthly aggregates have been calculated based on the ERA5 hourly values of each parameter.
Annual change of the average Mean/Max/Min Temperature for the whole period. The total change is the annual change multiplicated by the total number of years. A change of 0.1 °C per year represents a 4 °C total change between the start and the end of the period which is 1979-2019.
Annual anomaly of the average Mean/Max/Min Temperature which is the average Mean/Max/Min Temperature for the whole period (1979-2018) comparing it to the average Mean/Max/Min Temperature of the year 2014-2018. The anomalies map shows the percentage deviation (per pixel) between 2014-2018 and the average for the whole region 1979-2018.
European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF)
ERA5 is the fifth generation ECMWF atmospheric reanalysis of the global climate. Reanalysis combines model data with observations from across the world into a globally complete and consistent dataset.
The pixel size is 0.25 deg (approx. 28km at the equator)
Pixel size: 28 x 28 km (0.25 deg)
ERA5 data is available from 1979 to three months from real-time.
Monthly aggregates have been calculated based on the ERA5 hourly values of each parameter.