Land Cover IGBP– MODIS


Land Cover

17 classes

Represented classes

  1. Evergreen Needleleaf Forests

  2. Evergreen Broadleaf Forests

  3. Deciduous Needleleaf Forests

  4. Deciduous Broadleaf Forests

  5. Mixed Forests

  6. Closed Shrublands

  7. Open Shrublands

  8. Woody Savannas

  9. Savannas

  10. Grasslands

  11. Permanent Wetlands

  12. Croplands

  13. Urban and Built-up Lands

  14. Cropland/Natural Vegetation Mosaics

  15. Permanent Snow and Ice

  16. Barren

  17. Water Bodies

255. Unclassified


The MODIS land cover type version 6 contains several datasets that map the global land cover at a spatial resolution of 500 meters with annual time steps. These datasets are produced from classifications of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Terra and Aqua reflectance data combined with post-processing correction based on prior knowledge. The data is available with a temporal resolution of one year and data is available from 2001 until 2019. This layer shows the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) classification which consists of 17 land cover classes.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) – MODIS

Source data

MCD12Q1.006: MODIS Land Cover Type Yearly Global 500m

Land Cover Map


The MCD12Q1 V6 product provides global land cover types at yearly intervals (2001-2016) derived from six different classification schemes. It is derived using supervised classifications of MODIS Terra and Aqua reflectance data. The supervised classifications then undergo additional post-processing that incorporate prior knowledge and ancillary information to further refine specific classes.

Spatial resolution

Global coverage

500m spatial resolution

Temporal resolution

Period of observation:

2001 - 2019