Land Cover IGBP– MODIS


Land Cover 

17 classes



Represented classes

255. Unclassified 


The MODIS land cover type version 6 contains several datasets that map the global land cover at a spatial resolution of 500 meters with annual time steps. These datasets are produced from classifications of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Terra and Aqua reflectance data combined with post-processing correction based on prior knowledge. The data is available with a temporal resolution of one year and data is available from 2001 until 2019. This layer shows the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) classification which consists of 17 land cover classes. 

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) – MODIS

Source data

MCD12Q1.006: MODIS Land Cover Type Yearly Global 500 m

Land Cover Map


The MCD12Q1 V6 product provides global land cover types at yearly intervals (2001-2016) derived from six different classification schemes. It is derived using supervised classifications of MODIS Terra and Aqua reflectance data. The supervised classifications then undergo additional post-processing that incorporate prior knowledge and ancillary information to further refine specific classes. 

Spatial resolution 

Global coverage

500 m

Temporal resolution

Period of observation: 2001 - 2019