Land Cover Combined– MODIS/ESA


Land Cover

13 classes

Represented classes

  1. Dense Forests

  2. Open Forests

  3. Natural Herbaceous

  4. Forest/Cropland Mosaics

  5. Natural Herbaceous/Cropland Mosaics

  6. Herbaceous Croplands

  7. Herbaceous Wetlands

  8. Woody Wetlands

  9. Shrublands

  10. Urban and Built-up Lands

  11. Permanent Snow and Ice

  12. Barren

  13. Water Bodies


The MODIS land cover type version 6 contains several datasets that map the global land cover at a spatial resolution of 500 meters with annual time steps. These datasets are produced from classifications of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Terra and Aqua reflectance data combined with post-processing correction based on prior knowledge. The data is available with a temporal resolution of one year and data is available from 2001 until 2019. This layer shows a combination of the Land Cover Classification System (LCCS) land use and hydrology classification (LCCS2 and LCCS3) created by the FAO according to the classifications of the SEEA. From the LCCS land use layer the areas classified as cropland are shown, while from the LCCS hydrology layer the woody and herbaceous wetlands are used when not classified as cropland in the land use layers. For areas not classified as either cropland or wetland the LCCS land use classification is used for a total of 13 land cover classes.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) – MODIS

Source data

MCD12Q1 v006 - MODIS Land cover LCCS Land use and hydrology

Land Cover Map


The FAOSTAT domain Land Cover under the Agri-Environmental Indicators section contains land cover information organized by the land cover classes of the international standard system for Environmental and Economic Accounting Central Framework (SEEA CF). The land cover information is compiled from publicly available Global Land Cover (GLC) maps: a) MODIS land cover types based on the Land Cover Classification System, LCCS (2001–2018) and b) the European Spatial Agency (ESA) Climate Change Initiative (CCI) annual land cover maps (1992–2018) produced by the Université catholique de Louvain (UCL)-Geomatics and now under the European Copernicus Program.

Spatial resolution

Global coverage

500m spatial resolution

Temporal resolution

Period of observation:

2001 - 2019